Which heroes do you think a non comic book fan would be able to recognize if you didn't tell them the name of the character and just imitated their personality and mannerisms? imo the most famous are in no order:
Batman- The scowl, brooding, deep gravely voice, almost always crouching like a gargoyle, uses his cape a lot.
Superman- The optimism, stoic persona, the hands on the hips chest out stance, deep heroic voice, everyone knows what you mean when you pretend to fly with your hands in front of you.
The Hulk- Angry, destructive, the poor grammar ("Hulk smash!").
Spider-Man- Jokes a lot, fun and youthful, the hand signals he does when he makes webbing.
Robin- Most people think of him as the Burt Ward version, over energetic, always excited teen, just say "Holy..." and people will know who you mean.
There are others who are famous and popular but I don't think their personalities are that famous to most people, Wonder Woman being the biggest example. The only mannerism she has that's famous is the bullet deflecting with her bracelets other than that I don't know how many people would guess you're being her if you were to act like her.